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universe.py 23.6 KB
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from __future__ import print_function

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from som.interpreter.interpreter import Interpreter
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from som.interpreter.bytecodes   import Bytecodes 
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from som.vm.symbol_table         import SymbolTable
from som.vmobjects.object        import Object
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from som.vmobjects.clazz         import Class
from som.vmobjects.array         import Array
from som.vmobjects.symbol        import Symbol
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from som.vmobjects.method        import Method
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from som.vmobjects.integer       import Integer
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from som.vmobjects.string        import String
from som.vmobjects.block         import Block
from som.vmobjects.frame         import Frame
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from som.vmobjects.biginteger    import BigInteger
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from som.vmobjects.double        import Double
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from som.vm.shell import Shell

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import som.compiler.sourcecode_compiler as sourcecode_compiler

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import os
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import sys
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class Universe(object):
    
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    def __init__(self, avoid_exit = False):
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        self._interpreter    = Interpreter(self)
        self._symbol_table   = SymbolTable()
        
        self._globals        = {}
        
        self._nilObject      = None
        self._trueObject     = None
        self._falseObject    = None
        self._objectClass    = None
        self._classClass     = None
        self._metaclassClass = None
        
        self._nilClass       = None
        self._integerClass   = None
        self._bigintegerClass= None
        self._arrayClass     = None
        self._methodClass    = None
        self._symbolClass    = None
        self._frameClass     = None
        self._primitiveClass = None
        self._systemClass    = None
        self._blockClass     = None
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        self._stringClass    = None
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        self._doubleClass    = None
        
        self._last_exit_code = 0
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        self._avoid_exit     = avoid_exit
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        self._classpath      = None
        self._dump_bytecodes = False        
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    @property
    def nilObject(self):
        return self._nilObject
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    @property
    def trueObject(self):
        return self._trueObject
    
    @property
    def falseObject(self):
        return self._falseObject
    
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    @property
    def objectClass(self):
        return self._objectClass
    
    @property
    def classClass(self):
        return self._classClass
    
    @property
    def nilClass(self):
        return self._nilClass
    
    @property
    def integerClass(self):
        return self._integerClass
    
    @property
    def bigintegerClass(self):
        return self._bigintegerClass

    @property
    def arrayClass(self):
        return self._arrayClass
    
    @property
    def methodClass(self):
        return self._methodClass
    
    @property
    def symbolClass(self):
        return self._symbolClass
    
    @property
    def frameClass(self):
        return self._frameClass
    
    @property
    def systemClass(self):
        return self._systemClass
    
    @property
    def blockClass(self):
        return self._blockClass
    
    @property
    def stringClass(self):
        return self._stringClass
    
    @property
    def doubleClass(self):
        return self._doubleClass
    
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    @property
    def primitiveClass(self):
        return self._primitiveClass
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    @property
    def metaclassClass(self):
        return self._metaclassClass
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    def exit(self, error_code):
        if self._avoid_exit:
            self._last_exit_code = error_code
        else:
            sys.exit(error_code)
    
    def last_exit_code(self):
        return self._last_exit_code
    
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    def get_interpreter(self):
        return self._interpreter
    
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    def execute_method(self, class_name, selector):
        self._initialize_object_system()

        clazz = self.load_class(self.symbol_for(class_name))

        # Lookup the invokable on class
        invokable = clazz.get_class().lookup_invokable(self.symbol_for(selector))

        bootstrap_method = self._create_bootstrap_method()
        bootstrap_frame  = self._create_bootstrap_frame(bootstrap_method, clazz)
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        return self.start(bootstrap_frame, invokable)
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    def _create_bootstrap_method(self):
        # Create a fake bootstrap method to simplify later frame traversal
        bootstrap_method = self.new_method(self.symbol_for("bootstrap"), 1, 0)
        bootstrap_method.set_bytecode(0, Bytecodes.halt)
        bootstrap_method.set_number_of_locals(self.new_integer(0))
        bootstrap_method.set_maximum_number_of_stack_elements(self.new_integer(2))
        bootstrap_method.set_holder(self._systemClass)
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        return bootstrap_method
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    def _create_bootstrap_frame(self, bootstrap_method, receiver, arguments = None):
        # Create a fake bootstrap frame with the system object on the stack
        bootstrap_frame = self._interpreter.push_new_frame(bootstrap_method)
        bootstrap_frame.push(receiver)
        
        if arguments:
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            bootstrap_frame.push(arguments)
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        return bootstrap_frame
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    def interpret(self, arguments):
        # Check for command line switches
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        arguments = self.handle_arguments(arguments)
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        # Initialize the known universe
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        system_object = self._initialize_object_system()
        bootstrap_method = self._create_bootstrap_method()
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        # Start the shell if no filename is given
        if len(arguments) == 0:
            shell = Shell(self, self._interpreter)
            shell.set_bootstrap_method(bootstrap_method)
            shell.start()
            return
        else:
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            # Convert the arguments into an array
            arguments_array = self.new_array_with_strings(arguments)
            bootstrap_frame = self._create_bootstrap_frame(bootstrap_method, system_object, arguments_array)
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            # Lookup the initialize invokable on the system class
            initialize = self._systemClass.lookup_invokable(self.symbol_for("initialize:"))

            self.start(bootstrap_frame, initialize)
    
    def start(self, bootstrap_frame, invokable):
        # Invoke the initialize invokable
        invokable.invoke(bootstrap_frame, self._interpreter)

        # Start the interpreter
        return self._interpreter.start()
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    def handle_arguments(self, arguments):
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        got_classpath  = False
        remaining_args = []

        i = 0
        while i < len(arguments):
            if arguments[i] == "-cp":
                if i + 1 >= len(arguments):
                    self._print_usage_and_exit()
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                self.setup_classpath(arguments[i + 1])
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                i += 1    # skip class path
                got_classpath = True
            elif arguments[i] == "-d":
                self._dump_bytecodes = True
            else:
                remaining_args.append(arguments[i])
            i += 1 
    
        if not got_classpath:
            # Get the default class path of the appropriate size
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            self._classpath = self._setup_default_classpath()
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        # check remaining args for class paths, and strip file extension
        i = 0
        while i < len(remaining_args):
            split = self._get_path_class_ext(remaining_args[i])

            if split[0] != "":  # there was a path
                self._classpath.insert(0, split[0])
        
            remaining_args[i] = split[1]
            i += 1
        
        return remaining_args
    
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    def setup_classpath(self, cp):
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        self._classpath = cp.split(os.pathsep)
    
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    def _setup_default_classpath(self):
        return ['.']
    
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    # take argument of the form "../foo/Test.som" and return
    # "../foo", "Test", "som"
    def _get_path_class_ext(self, path):
        (path, file_name) = os.path.split(path)
        (file_name, ext)  = os.path.splitext(file_name)
        return (path, file_name, ext[1:])
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    def _print_usage_and_exit(self):
        # Print the usage
        self.std_println("Usage: som [-options] [args...]                          ")
        self.std_println("                                                         ")
        self.std_println("where options include:                                   ")
        self.std_println("    -cp <directories separated by " + os.pathsep     + ">")
        self.std_println("                  set search path for application classes")
        self.std_println("    -d            enable disassembling")

        # Exit
        self.exit(0)
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    def _initialize_object_system(self):
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        # Allocate the nil object
        self._nilObject = Object(None)

        # Allocate the Metaclass classes
        self._metaclassClass = self.new_metaclass_class()

        # Allocate the rest of the system classes
        self._objectClass     = self.new_system_class()
        self._nilClass        = self.new_system_class()
        self._classClass      = self.new_system_class()
        self._arrayClass      = self.new_system_class()
        self._symbolClass     = self.new_system_class()
        self._methodClass     = self.new_system_class()
        self._integerClass    = self.new_system_class()
        self._bigintegerClass = self.new_system_class()
        self._frameClass      = self.new_system_class()
        self._primitiveClass  = self.new_system_class()
        self._stringClass     = self.new_system_class()
        self._doubleClass     = self.new_system_class()

        # Setup the class reference for the nil object
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        self._nilObject.set_class(self._nilClass)
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        # Initialize the system classes
        self._initialize_system_class(self._objectClass,                  None, "Object")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._classClass,      self._objectClass, "Class")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._metaclassClass,   self._classClass, "Metaclass")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._nilClass,        self._objectClass, "Nil")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._arrayClass,      self._objectClass, "Array")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._methodClass,      self._arrayClass, "Method")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._symbolClass,     self._objectClass, "Symbol")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._integerClass,    self._objectClass, "Integer")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._bigintegerClass, self._objectClass, "BigInteger")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._frameClass,       self._arrayClass, "Frame")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._primitiveClass,  self._objectClass, "Primitive")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._stringClass,     self._objectClass, "String")
        self._initialize_system_class(self._doubleClass,     self._objectClass, "Double")

        # Load methods and fields into the system classes
        self._load_system_class(self._objectClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._classClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._metaclassClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._nilClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._arrayClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._methodClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._symbolClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._integerClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._bigintegerClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._frameClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._primitiveClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._stringClass)
        self._load_system_class(self._doubleClass)

        # Load the generic block class
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        self._blockClass = self.load_class(self.symbol_for("Block"))
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        # Setup the true and false objects
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        self._trueObject  = self.new_instance(self.load_class(self.symbol_for("True")))
        self._falseObject = self.new_instance(self.load_class(self.symbol_for("False")))
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        # Load the system class and create an instance of it
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        self._systemClass = self.load_class(self.symbol_for("System"))
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        system_object = self.new_instance(self._systemClass)
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        # Put special objects and classes into the dictionary of globals
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        self.set_global(self.symbol_for("nil"),    self._nilObject)
        self.set_global(self.symbol_for("true"),   self._trueObject)
        self.set_global(self.symbol_for("false"),  self._falseObject)
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        self.set_global(self.symbol_for("system"), system_object)
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        self.set_global(self.symbol_for("System"), self._systemClass)
        self.set_global(self.symbol_for("Block"),  self._blockClass)
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        return system_object
    
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    def symbol_for(self, string):
        # Lookup the symbol in the symbol table
        result = self._symbol_table.lookup(string)
        if result:
            return result
        
        # Create a new symbol and return it
        result = self.new_symbol(string)
        return result
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    def new_array_with_length(self, length):
        # Allocate a new array and set its class to be the array class
        result = Array(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._arrayClass)

        # Set the number of indexable fields to the given value (length)
        result.set_number_of_indexable_fields_and_clear(length, self._nilObject)

        # Return the freshly allocated array
        return result
  
    def new_array_from_list(self, values):
        # Allocate a new array with the same length as the list
        result = self.new_array_with_length(len(values))

        # Copy all elements from the list into the array
        for i in range(len(values)):
            result.set_indexable_field(i, values[i])
    
        # Return the allocated and initialized array
        return result
  
    def new_array_with_strings(self, strings):
        # Allocate a new array with the same length as the string array
        result = self.new_array_with_length(len(strings))

        # Copy all elements from the string array into the array
        for i in range(len(strings)):
            result.set_indexable_field(i, self.new_string(strings[i]))
    
        # Return the allocated and initialized array
        return result
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    def new_block(self, method, context_frame, arguments):
        # Allocate a new block and set its class to be the block class
        result = Block(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._get_block_class(arguments))

        # Set the method and context of block
        result.set_method(method)
        result.set_context(context_frame)

        # Return the freshly allocated block
        return result

    def new_class(self, class_class):
        # Allocate a new class and set its class to be the given class class
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        result = Class(self, class_class.get_number_of_instance_fields())
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        result.set_class(class_class)

        # Return the freshly allocated class
        return result

    def new_frame(self, previous_frame, method):
        # Allocate a new frame and set its class to be the frame class
        result = Frame(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._frameClass)

        # Compute the maximum number of stack locations (including arguments,
        # locals and extra buffer to support doesNotUnderstand) and set the
        # number of indexable fields accordingly
        length = (method.get_number_of_arguments() +
                  method.get_number_of_locals().get_embedded_integer() +
                  method.get_maximum_number_of_stack_elements().get_embedded_integer() + 2)
        result.set_number_of_indexable_fields_and_clear(length, self._nilObject)

        # Set the method of the frame and the previous frame
        result.set_method(method)
        if previous_frame:
            result.set_previous_frame(previous_frame)

        # Reset the stack pointer and the bytecode index
        result.reset_stack_pointer()
        result.set_bytecode_index(0)

        # Return the freshly allocated frame
        return result

    def new_method(self, signature, num_bytecodes, num_literals):
        # Allocate a new method and set its class to be the method class
        result = Method(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._methodClass)

        # Set the signature and the number of bytecodes
        result.set_signature(signature)
        result.set_number_of_bytecodes(num_bytecodes)
        result.set_number_of_indexable_fields_and_clear(num_literals, self._nilObject)

        # Return the freshly allocated method
        return result

    def new_instance(self, instance_class):
        # Allocate a new instance and set its class to be the given class
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        result = Object(self._nilObject, instance_class.get_number_of_instance_fields())
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        result.set_class(instance_class)
 
        # Return the freshly allocated instance
        return result

 
    def new_integer(self, value):
        # Allocate a new integer and set its class to be the integer class
        result = Integer(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._integerClass)
     
        # Set the embedded integer of the newly allocated integer
        result.set_embedded_integer(value)
     
        # Return the freshly allocated integer
        return result
 
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    def new_biginteger(self, value):
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        # Allocate a new integer and set its class to be the integer class
        result = BigInteger(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._bigintegerClass)
 
        # Set the embedded integer of the newly allocated integer
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        result.set_embedded_biginteger(value)
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        # Return the freshly allocated integer
        return result
 
 
    def new_double(self, value):
        # Allocate a new integer and set its class to be the double class
        result = Double(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._doubleClass)
 
        # Set the embedded double of the newly allocated double
        result.set_embedded_double(value)
 
        # Return the freshly allocated double
        return result
    
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    def new_metaclass_class(self):
        # Allocate the metaclass classes
        result = Class(self)
        result.set_class(Class(self))

        # Setup the metaclass hierarchy
        result.get_class().set_class(result)

        # Return the freshly allocated metaclass class
        return result
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    def new_string(self, embedded_string):
        # Allocate a new string and set its class to be the string class
        result = String(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._stringClass)
 
        # Put the embedded string into the new string
        result.set_embedded_string(embedded_string)
 
        # Return the freshly allocated string
        return result
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    def new_symbol(self, string):
        # Allocate a new symbol and set its class to be the symbol class
        result = Symbol(self._nilObject)
        result.set_class(self._symbolClass)

        # Put the string into the symbol
        result.set_string(string)

        # Insert the new symbol into the symbol table
        self._symbol_table.insert(result)

        # Return the freshly allocated symbol
        return result
      
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    def new_system_class(self):
        # Allocate the new system class
        system_class = Class(self)

        # Setup the metaclass hierarchy
        system_class.set_class(Class(self))
        system_class.get_class().set_class(self._metaclassClass)

        # Return the freshly allocated system class
        return system_class
    
    def _initialize_system_class(self, system_class, super_class, name):
        # Initialize the superclass hierarchy
        if super_class:
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            system_class.set_super_class(super_class)
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            system_class.get_class().set_super_class(super_class.get_class())
        else:
            system_class.get_class().set_super_class(self._classClass)
    

        # Initialize the array of instance fields
        system_class.set_instance_fields(self.new_array_with_length(0))
        system_class.get_class().set_instance_fields(self.new_array_with_length(0))

        # Initialize the array of instance invokables
        system_class.set_instance_invokables(self.new_array_with_length(0))
        system_class.get_class().set_instance_invokables(self.new_array_with_length(0))

        # Initialize the name of the system class
        system_class.set_name(self.symbol_for(name))
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        system_class.get_class().set_name(self.symbol_for(name + " class"))
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        # Insert the system class into the dictionary of globals
        self.set_global(system_class.get_name(), system_class)
    
    
    def get_global(self, name):
        # Return the global with the given name if it's in the dictionary of globals
        if self.has_global(name):
            return self._globals[name]

        # Global not found
        return None

    def set_global(self, name, value):
        # Insert the given value into the dictionary of globals
        self._globals[name] = value
  

    def has_global(self, name):
        # Returns if the universe has a value for the global of the given name
        return name in self._globals
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    def _get_block_class(self, number_of_arguments = None):
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        if not number_of_arguments:
            # Get the generic block class
            return self._blockClass
        
        # Compute the name of the block class with the given number of
        # arguments
        name = self.symbol_for("Block" + str(number_of_arguments))

        # Lookup the specific block class in the dictionary of globals and
        # return it
        if self.has_global(name):
            return self.get_global(name)

        # Get the block class for blocks with the given number of arguments
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        result = self._load_class(name, None)
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        # Add the appropriate value primitive to the block class
        result.add_instance_primitive(Block.get_evaluation_primitive(number_of_arguments, self))

        # Insert the block class into the dictionary of globals
        self.set_global(name, result)

        # Return the loaded block class
        return result

    def load_class(self, name):
        # Check if the requested class is already in the dictionary of globals
        if self.has_global(name):
            return self.get_global(name)

        # Load the class
        result = self._load_class(name, None)

        # Load primitives (if necessary) and return the resulting class
        if result and result.has_primitives():
            result.load_primitives()
    
        return result

    def _load_system_class(self, system_class):
        # Load the system class
        result = self._load_class(system_class.get_name(), system_class)

        # Load primitives if necessary
        if result.has_primitives():
            result.load_primitives()

    def _load_class(self, name, system_class):
        # Try loading the class from all different paths
        for cpEntry in self._classpath:
            try:
                # Load the class from a file and return the loaded class
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                result = sourcecode_compiler.compile_class_from_file(cpEntry, name.get_string(), system_class, self)
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                if self._dump_bytecodes:
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                    from som.compiler.disassembler import Disassembler
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                    Disassembler.dump(result.get_class())
                    Disassembler.dump(result)
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                return result
            except IOError:
                # Continue trying different paths
                pass

        # The class could not be found.
        return None
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    def load_shell_class(self, stmt):
        # Load the class from a stream and return the loaded class
        result = sourcecode_compiler.compile_class_from_string(stmt, None, self)
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        if self._dump_bytecodes:
            from som.compiler.disassembler import Disassembler
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            Disassembler.dump(result)
        return result

    @classmethod
    def error_print(cls, msg):
        print(msg, file=sys.stderr, end="")

    @classmethod
    def error_println(cls, msg = ""):
        print(msg, file=sys.stderr)

    @classmethod
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    def std_print(cls, msg):
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        print(msg, end="")
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    @classmethod
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    def std_println(cls, msg=""):
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        print(msg)
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def main(args):
    u = Universe()
    u.interpret(args[1:])
    u.exit(0)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main(sys.argv)
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def target(*args):
    return main, None